Albinism is an inherited condition where the body lack Melanin Pigment that protects it from excessive heat from the Sun and direct lights, in most parts of Africa, it's always hard to walk or drive to work, and to some parents, it's even hard to let their children go to Schools alone for fear of being kidnaped by ritual doctors and their body parts being used for traditional human sacrifices.
As an Albino Mother, I have been through a lot of discriminations around my society, at most times I fear visiting my Kids at their Schools and even fear walking around my husband for people will always laugh and talk behind him for having an Albino as a wife and a mother to his Kids, says 40-year-old Josina Achanda a mother of five and a resident in Kibera Slums. Since I’m unable to get any jobs due to my Albinism condition, then I cannot afford to pay my kid's school fees or help my jobless husband when we can’t afford anything to eat. My condition might have been the cause of our problems at home as I always think about it sometimes.
But since my husband loves me the way I am and I have a family to look up to, then sometimes I never worry about what the streets have to talk about me. Since I can never fight the society around me and stop everyone from calling me with names that don’t fit me, then I chose to stay home and do my little business.
In Africa’s largest and slowly developing Slums in Nairobi, Kibera Slums is well known for its highest growth in population and the densely connection and closeness of structures around the neighborhoods. In this situation not everyone is able to practice and take action recycling of waste products and plastic products. After a demolition of homes and business stalls located close by the railway line by the Kenya Railways, most residents are seen practicing the recycling of polypropylene plastic bags to build their new homes and little business stalls as most use them in planting of food and products such as Calles such as Skuma Wiki, Beans, Onions and Tomatoes. By recycling the polypropylene bags, these residents contribute to defending climate change by creating a reduction in consumption of raw resources such as oil and propane Gas. Due to its tough and rough texture, polypropylene bags are, are also used as in-house decoration of homes, Carpets, shopping and School bags. But only 1 percent of polypropylene is recycled around our Societies and that means our Climate is not safe yet until more action is taken on recycling.
Nationwide Lockdowns due to the COVID-19 pandemic has caused a stop in major sporting events in Kenya and further contributed by the government restrictions on public gatherings and social movements. Along the darkened streets of Kibera Slums, youths who entirely depended on boxing for their livelihood have come up with more creative ways to continue their spirit of boxing and survival despite the pandemic. This move has seen both elders and the youths coming together to pull up resources and strategically prepare for Local matches and events. This initiative is led by Coach Muhammad Hussein, an 18 years’ experience in boxing gathers the youths to train at a local gym in Kibera. In this way, it has ridden them of idleness, reduced crime and drug abuse, and prevented teenage pregnancies.
Persons with critical health and physical status wary about surviving through the hard times of the Covid-19 Pandemic. Nearly every warning against the Corona Virus states that people with weak Immune system are at high risk of having the Virus hit them harder. Despite the government warning, Patients who can no longer fight off infections such as Cancer, Tuberculosis (TB), HIV, Diabetes and even the mentally ill including the old aged are always at high risk of being hit by the Virus. Due to the high number of Covid-19 Corona Virus Cases, most families and friends have chosen to force isolate and keep their families members including friends with weak immune system stay in their homes where most believe is safe enough for these patients to access their treatments, medications and see their doctors as well. This has also helped them reduce high medical bills and the coast of transportations especially for the families living in shanty homes where stopping residents from movements close contacts during conversations is always a problem.
Lack of electricity had been and is still one of the poverty and problems faced by over 2 million citizens living in Kenya's largest informal settlement Kibera Slums. It is one of the big challenges that has participated in drugging down Kenya's economic growth as not everyone can pay the energy consumption bills. In Kibera Slums, Illegal Electricity acts as one of the basic needs to most owners of small businesses operating here from early mornings till late midnight and serves most jobless youths who depend on it as their main Source of Income by renting it out illegally for 2 to 3 dollars to be able to feed their families and pay their bills.
Despite the 2015 joint collaboration of the World Bank and (K.P.L.C) Kenya Power and lighting Corporation which is Kenya's main Power distributor to come together and create a cheap and fair access to electricity and be able to. By creating electric tokens and being able to provide them to few numbers of homes, not everyone prefers this method but they instead run for the poor and risky illegal supply. Most of the time residents here have been enjoying the Illegal connection of electricity but at most times they are attacked by abrupt skirmishes like fire outbreak and deaths from the naked uncovered wires running from Rooftops, to different corners of the houses and underground leading to death and burning down of house and lose of Properties.
Fish farming has become one type of aquaculture practiced by most Farmers in Kenya. As the fish population in Kenya’s great lakes including the great Lake Victoria decreases, Farmers are trying to come up with different ways and skills to raise and keep the fish population stable and productive. Aquaculture is rapidly growing in Kenya and alleviating poverty in the most rural areas by creating almost enough job opportunities for most jobless locals.
In most aquaculture Farms, a high production of fish comes through better feeding and a good climate conditions and that’s why most farmers prefer the use of greenhouses to generate enough heat during the breeding and hatching process and also take a huge part in enhancing the growth of fish inside the different division of fish tanks,. Through these farmers can produce and supply a high percentage of fish to consumer’s more than direct lake fishermen can do on their normal fishing days as they face a stiff water hyacinth challenges.
Inside Africa’s largest Slums Kibera, lives a population of about one million Kenyan Citizens. Most of the people living here consists of different groups of all the 42 tribes that all depends on this home as a hideout to poverty and be able to find a cheap and sustainable life.
The rising population inside this home has led to a reduced rate of employment and job opportunities to both adults and young youths, resulting into high rate of crime and teenage pregnancies, school dropouts and lack of enough health facilities around the community.
The little mini businesses practiced by the people living around this congested community can only provide an amount of three dollars a day which is always never enough to the families needs. Inside one room in Kibera Slums lives a family of about two to six family members’ which includes mother father and children. Since not every youth is able to get a job and pay a house rent, many are forced to share the same roofs with their families.
Around the Slums, people mostly believe in togetherness and happiness despite all the challenges. People come together through business, different religious practices within the community, Sports and most importantly through languages.
For the people living in Kibera Slums, Sports is one of the daily activities despite everyday struggles and hustles to make a living. Due to the rising issues of child domestic violence and gender based violence that occurs each time around different parts of the community, this has made young youths like Stephen who has an experience in Taekwondo skills move home to home asking parents to let him train their Kids Skills and Knowledge of Martial arts and self-defence in case of any emergencies.
For many years poaching for Ivory in Africa has been a leading topic that that has affected and led to the drop down of the African Economy and has led to a reduction of the number of the Big Five Wildlife such as Rhinos and Elephants.
At David shedrick Wildlife Trust is where many orphaned baby elephants and Rhinos can get a free shelter after surviving and escaping the bullets and tortures that hunted down the elephant’s families from the poachers. Surrounded by heavy and tight security, the elephants and baby rhinos receive a well parental care from the wardens who also spend their time feeding them and providing them with a proper medical care until they are ready to survive by themselves.
The Nubian wedding always goes for three days of the week or more with lots of cultural practices and rules to be followed. During the dowry dance, the grooms family and friends try to impress the family of the bride by singing different songs and performing dances as they hand over the gifts. During local Islamic wedding ceremonies in Kibera, the Nubian brothers and sisters, friends and families always gather together to show and give full support to the families of the groom and the Bride.
The traditional beliefs and practices of African people are a set of highly diverse beliefs that include various ethnic religions. Many Kenyans have started their own churches, which feature a blend of Christianity and traditional religion, with the aim of fighting and blessing through the ritual spiritual beliefs. Churches begin prayer services at exactly nine in the morning to three pm in the afternoon each Sunday and aim at transforming believers through prayers and the Holy Spirit. Each church carries about twenty to thirty servants.
Due to numerous reasons including poverty, many women from Kibera Slums are suffering from alcoholism. Despite the many side effects, It has become a routine for ladies at the age of twenty-five and above to take alcohol during their daily activities. While some might take alcohol as a way of celebration and connecting with friends and family during fun moments, Women here consume it to relieve stress and help them forget about their problems back home. This is often due to lack of job opportunities and support from their husbands. Women in Kibera especially the widows are unable to cope with the never ending family responsibilities, and therefore spend any amount they get on alcohol to temporarily forget about their lives hardship.
The high level of alcohol consumption has led to an increased rate of death, blindness and dangerous diseases such as cancer, hypertension, blindness and traumatic injuries with young children left behind as orphans or single parented. It has also lead to the risk of unprotected sexual relations and high chances of women getting raped by unknown villagers around the community, leading to unwanted pregnancies.
This has led to further spread of HIV/Aids around the slums and has left many children and neighbors taking care of children left without parents.
When Kenyans wanted a new Democracy so did they want someone who could lead the democracy and the republic in a well and fair way without including any tribal wars and lack of opportunities to job access in favor of the political leading tribes. In August 2017 when Kenyans had to cast their votes to elect in their new presidential candidates who were Mr. Uhuru Kenyatta and Raila Odinga. The results of the presidential election were subsequently annulled after the Voting and fresh elections were ordered to be held within 60 days. This caused commotions in different parts of the country as the National Super Alliance(NASA) supporters and members of parliament thought the elections were not fair. This resulted in fights between Kenyans including the use of live bullets by the antiriot Police Officials while trying to stop the Violence. President Kenyatta had maintained 10+% lead over Odinga in most polls for many weeks, but the two most recent polls before the election suggested a much closer race. The outcome was reported as a 9.5-percentage-point victory for Kenyatta. On 10 August, provisional results released by the Kenyan electoral commission put Kenyatta ahead by 54.2% to Odinga's 44%. The head of the EU delegation Marietje Schaake said there had been no sign of manipulation of the result at a central or local level and urged all sides to accept the result.