The traditional beliefs and practices of African people are a set of highly diverse beliefs that include various ethnic religions. Generally, these traditions are oral and include belief in a supreme creator, spirits and worshiping the dead not forgetting medicinal belief. In my home Kibera, the spirits are honored through coming together of a different religion to serve a spiritual God.
Focusing on the spiritual servants and practices performed by many traditional Christians in Kenya, the spiritual Christianity tradition are mostly attended and performed by people of a level of Age groups (Age 25 and above) who deeply understands the rules and set of practices that is required in the religion and are able to work and be controlled by the attacking spirits that reveal the good and bad omens to happen to a fellow believer of Christ. Many Kenyans have started their own churches, which feature a blend of Christianity and traditional religion with the aim of fighting and blessing through the ritual spiritual beliefs.
Fishing has become an integral part of business that is contributing to the rise of economic development in Tanzania. It is an economic mainstay of many parts of rural Tanzania and has also become a popular activity for visitors bringing tourists along the countries coastal regions including rivers and lake regions.
The local Fishermen of Tanzania’s water bodies heavily depend on fishing as a main source of to fund their day to day needs, such as paying rent, children's school fees and health services. It is now a popular alternative to small businesses across the country. During the rainy seasons, Rivers including their tributaries and oceans swell with Fish and many aquatic life, bringing with it an economic stability for Tanzanian families.
Due to numerous reasons including poverty, many women from Kibera Slums are suffering from alcoholism. Despite the many side effects, It has become a routine for ladies at the age of twenty-five and above to take alcohol during their daily activities. While some might take alcohol as a way of celebration and connecting with friends and family during fun moments, Women here consume it to relieve stress and help them forget about their problems back home. This is often due to lack of job opportunities and support from their husbands. Women in Kibera especially the widows are unable to cope with the never ending family responsibilities, and therefore spend any amount they get on alcohol to temporarily forget about their lives hardship.
The high level of alcohol consumption has led to an increased rate of death, blindness and dangerous diseases such as cancer, hypertension, blindness and traumatic injuries with young children left behind as orphans or single parented. It has also lead to the risk of unprotected sexual relations and high chances of women getting raped by unknown villagers around the community, leading to unwanted pregnancies.
This has led to further spread of HIV/AIDs around the slums and has left many children and neighbours taking care of children left without parents.